ARCHITECTURE STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE ON THE COST-EFFECTIVENESS AND SUSTAINABILITY OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDING SYSTEM FOR LOW-COST HOUSING

Nurul Faizatul Hanim Binti Othman1*, Aidalia Binti Endut2, Nurul Fadzleen Binti Mohamad3

 1,2Politeknik Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah

3Politeknik Metro Kuantan



ABSTRACT

The increasing demand for low-cost housing in Malaysia has led to a need for affordable and sustainable construction methods. The Industrialized Building System (IBS) is an innovative construction method that is known to reduce both construction time and cost while promoting sustainability. This study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and sustainability of using IBS for low-cost housing from architecture students’ perspective. Data was collected through questionnaires and interviews among Diploma in Architecture students who had taken DCA 20102, Building Technology. The results indicate that 95% of the respondents found that IBS construction methods result in significant cost savings as compared to traditional construction methods due to reduced labor costs, construction time, and wastage. Furthermore, IBS construction promotes sustainability through its efficient use of materials, reduction in site waste and pollution, and minimization of noise pollution. However, issues such as limited design options, lack of skilled local labor, and procurement challenges still exist. The findings suggest that IBS construction methods offer an effective solution for low-cost housing and should be considered by policymakers and developers for future housing projects.


Keywords:

Industrialized Building System (IBS) Sustainability, Cost-effectiveness, Low-cost housing