PERFORMANCE STUDY AND OPTIMIZATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN A MOSQUE: OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSERVATION AND COST REDUCTION

Syahrunizam1*, Nor Azura2, Fauzi

1,2Polytechnic Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Malaysia 

3Polytechnic Sultan Azlan Shah, Perak Malaysia 



ABSTRACT

The mosque, serving as a sacred sanctuary for Muslim worship, carries immense importance by offering a space for prayers, religious congregations, and community interactions. Acknowledging the significance of these places of worship, the Green House of Worship (GHW) program has been established to foster sustainability within places of worship. As part of this initiative, one mosque in Pahang has been selected as a pilot project to implement green practices, with a particular focus on energy conservation and efficiency. This research aims to provide insights into the electricity usage performance of the mosque involved in the research. The mosque's energy management practices can be strengthened by conducting an energy audit, identifying opportunities for improving energy efficiency and reducing consumption. The energy audit serves as a vital step in fostering a culture of energy sustainability within the mosque. The selected mosque can serve as a model for other mosques and institutions, showcasing the importance of sustainable practices. By prioritizing energy conservation and efficiency, the mosque can inspire positive change and encourage wider adoption of green practices within the community. The research findings establish the benchmark year for the mosque as 2019 and highlight four proposed energy-related measures, including energy conservation and savings. These measures have the potential to save an estimated 66,650.00 kW-hours of energy per year, equivalent to RM20,947.00 in annual savings. The required investment for implementing these measures is RM214,000.00, with a projected payback period of approximately 10.2 years. Furthermore, these measures indirectly contribute to a reduction in CO2 emissions, estimated at 39.6 tons per year. In conclusion, the selection of a pilot mosque in Pahang for implementing green practices and providing guidance on energy conservation and efficiency is a commendable initiative. By conducting an energy audit and implementing energy-related measures, the mosque can lead by example and promotion.

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Keywords:

energy management energy audit greenhouse Co2