TRENDS, CHALLENGES, AND INNOVATIONS OF APACC-ACCREDITED TVET INSTITUTIONS IN ASIA PACIFIC BASED ON THE ESTABLISHED APACC CRITERIA

Kesavan Ulaganathen1, Mian Khuram Ahsan2, Paulo Anthony Mendoza3, G.L.D. Wickramasinghe4

1,2,3,4Colombo Plan Staff College, Asia Pacific Accreditation and Certification Commission

*Correspondence to: kesavan@cpsctech.org 



ABSTRACT

This paper ventures on how quality assurance through TVET accreditation works under the Asia Pacific Accreditation and Certification Commission (APACC), an international certification body in Asia Pacific established in 2004 to promote quality assurance within TVET institutions of its member countries. The research primarily aims to examine the emerging trends, challenges, and innovations of APACC-accredited TVET institutions in Asia Pacific based on the established seven criteria of APACC. It involves a qualitative approach in finding general points of convergence on the seven criteria between the accredited institutions from the final evaluation reports during onsite/online accreditation exercises. Upon examination of the 66 institutional evaluation reports from the accreditation exercises conducted from 2011 to 2023 from India, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand, it can be noticed that generally, TVET institutions lack the most number of points under the Criterion 4: Research and Development, and Criterion 5: Image and Sustainability, while most points gained are under Criterion 3: Human Resources, and Criterion 2: Teaching and Learning. Criterion 1: Governance and Management, Criterion 6: Other Resources, and Criterion 7: Support to Students have average scores relatively similar to one another. In conclusion, the paper presented should allow for a clear recommendation where 21st-century TVET institutions across developing countries in the Asia Pacific should focus on developing, publishing, utilization, and commercialization of research innovations, transformative leadership and governance, continuous adoption of digital technology in teaching and learning, and promotion of sustainable development in TVET curricula and campus management. 


Keywords:

Quality Assurance Accreditation TVET, APACC, International Certification