DEVELOPMENT OF SMART MUSHROOM CULTIVATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY

Zikriah binti Zakaria1, Azman bin Md Salleh2, Fauzianna binti Awang2

1,2Mechanical Engineering Department, Politeknik Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah





ABSTRACT

The adoption of Industrial Revolution 4.0 technology (IR 4.0) in agriculture is deemed crucial, as per the National Agro-Food Policy 2.0 (DAN 2.0). Given the potential for high-value mushrooms to diversify product offerings beyond food and into the fields of cosmeceuticals, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceuticals, mushroom cultivation was selected as the focus of this study. The quantity and quality of mushroom production are significantly influenced by environmental factors like humidity and temperature. The ideal temperature range for oyster mushroom growth is between 25-300C for the Malaysian climate and an air humidity of 80-95% RH. An automated system was designed to regulate the operation cycles of the cooling system used in mushroom cultivation and ensure conditions consistently fall within the ideal range for the specific mushroom variety under production. The project went through trials carried out at Pekan Permai Enterprise farm. It was carried out by using an evaporative cooling system in an open mushroom house. The results are a conducive environment with fully automated control. The creation of this concept made it simpler for mushroom business owners to automatically regulate the humidity and temperature of a favorable mushroom house. Additionally, it can boost mushroom output while minimizing the impact of unfavorable environmental factors on mushroom cultivation. In essence, the aim of advancing smart mushroom cultivation for sustainability is to tackle significant challenges encompassing food security, ecological sustainability, efficient resource utilization, and economic viability. Ultimately, the overarching objective is to propel the field of mushroom cultivation forward, driving the transition toward a more sustainable and eco-friendly agricultural system. An application of the system at the mushroom farm owned by Pekan Mushroom Resources Sdn Bhd to assist them in producing higher quality.   


Keywords:

  mushroom cultivation sustainability, cooling